The City of Cabanatuan (Ilokano: Ciudad ti Cabanatuan; Kapampangan: Lakanbalen ning Cabanatuan/Siudad ning Cabanatuan; Filipino: Lungsod ng Cabanatuan) is a first class, partially urban city in the province of Nueva Ecija, Philippines. It is considered the economic hub of the province. According to the 2000 census, it has a population of 222,859 people in 45,424 households. It is a bustling city home to many jeepneys and tricycles. It bears the title as the "Tricycle Capital of the Philippines", because it has about over 30,000 registered tricycles.
The old provincial capitol of Nueva Ecija is located here and is still used by the provincial government and the governor.
BarangaysCabanatuan City is politically subdivided into 89 barangays.
Cabanatuan was founded as Barrio of Gapan in 1750 and became a Municipality and capital of La Provincia de Nueva Ecija in 1780. In 1899, Emilio Aguinaldo moved the Capital of the First Philippine Republic from Malolos to Cabanatuan. Cabanatuan is the site of the historical "Plaza Lucero" and the Cabanatuan Cathedral, where General Antonio Luna was ambushed on his way to Palanan. Cabanatuan lost the title of capital in 1850 when the capital of Nueva Ecija was moved to San Isidro, another historic town. It was only in 1917, when the Administrative code was enacted, that Cabanatuan was restored as capital of the Province. However, in 1965, Congress created Palayan City, which has been the capital ever since.
During World War II, the occupying Japanese built Cabanatuan Prison Camp, where many American soldiers were imprisoned, some of whom had been forced to endure the infamous "Bataan Death March." In January 1945 elements of the US Army marched far behind enemy lines to rescue the prisoners in what became known as the Raid at Cabanatuan.
Cabanatuan was also the epicenter of a massive earthquake at roughly 3 p.m. on July 16, 1990. The earthquake leveled some buildings, including the Christian College of the Philippines (Liwag Colleges) in the midst of class time. At 7.7 on the Richter scale, it killed 1653 people.
The city is a major hub of transportation services within the province. The Cabanatuan Central Terminal was constructed to handle all passengers and transport vehicles going in and out of the city. Within the city, tricycles are used as a major mode of transportation since buses and jeepneys are all moving out of the city.
cabanatuan in Spanish: Cabanatúan
cabanatuan in Iloko: Ciudad ti Cabanatuan
cabanatuan in Italian: Cabanatuan
cabanatuan in Pampanga: Cabanatuan Lakanbalen
cabanatuan in Lithuanian: Kabanatuanas
cabanatuan in Dutch: Cabanatuan City
cabanatuan in Polish: Cabanatuan
cabanatuan in Swedish: Cabanatuan City
cabanatuan in Tagalog: Lungsod ng Cabanatuan
cabanatuan in Waray (Philippines): Syudad han Cabanatuan